Abraham Was Justified by Faith
Justification by faith is not a new teaching introduced by the New Testament. The Old Testament teaches that justification has always been by faith.
v. 1 - Abraham is called the father of all the Jews because they are all physically descended from him - Joshua 24:3 Then I took your father Abraham from the other side of the River, led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his descendants and gave him Isaac.
v. 2 - Even the great father Abraham cannot boast about his works before God.
- No one will ever glory in God’s presence - Jeremiah 9:23–24 Thus says the LORD: "Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, Let not the mighty man glory in his might, Nor let the rich man glory in his riches; But let him who glories glory in this, That he understands and knows Me, That I am the LORD, exercising lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth. For in these I delight," says the LORD.
- God promotes His own glory - 1 Corinthians 15:28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.
v. 3 - Scripture teaches that Abraham was justified by faith.
- Abraham believed God’s word of promise - Genesis 15:1–6
- The Lord credited Abraham with righteousness on the basis of his faith.
- Abraham’s faith is an example of the right kind of faith - James 2:14–24
- 14 - Justification is by faith but there is no benefit for a person to claim to believe but their faith is empty and ineffectual. That kind of faith does not save.
- 15–17 - This is an illustration of empty and ineffectual talk. In an analogous manner, faith without action is empty and ineffectual talk.
- 18–20 - The objection is that faith and works are different and believing has nothing to do with works. The response is that genuine faith produces works. Believing in God without obeying God is useless.
- 21–23 - Abraham’s faith was proven to be genuine through his works. God caused Abraham’s faith to reach the goal of fearing Him (surrender, obedience, love). Abraham had saving faith - Gen 22:1–18
- 24 - This statement does not contradict Romans 4:1–3 but compliments it. Saving faith is a living faith.
What does God want from us? He wants to be believed.
We are right with God when we believe God - Romans 3:22 even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe.
Will you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ to be your Savior and your Lord?